Landforms of Coastal Erosion
Landforms created as the result of processes of erosion along the coast.
Coastal erosion leads to the formation of a range of landforms being created along the coast. The landforms created largely depend on the material that forms the cliff. More resistant material such as chalk leads to the formation of classic coastal landforms such as arches, stacks and stumps. Where there is a combination of hard and soft material this leads to the formation of bays and headlands.
Rates of coastal erosion are determined by a range of factors. These include the fetch of a wave, type of beach, the supply of beach material by longshore drift, the slope of the cliff, vegetation cover, local hydrology, the rate at which cliff debris are removed from the foot of the cliffs and the material that cliffs are made of. These are each examined below:
Use the images below to explore related GeoTopics.