Two Earthquakes Compared – Nepal and L’Aquila
Comparing earthquakes in an LIC and a HIC
The effects of earthquakes and responses to them vary between areas of different levels of wealth. In this example, we will examine the differences between the 2015 earthquake in Nepal, a low-income country (LIC) and the 2009 earthquake in L’Aquila, Italy, a high-income country (HIC).
The magnitude 7.8 earthquake in Nepal occurred on 25th April 2015. Its epicentre was 80km north-west of the capital city, Kathmandu. The 2009 earthquake in L’Aquila, Italy was 6.3 on the Richter Scale and occurred 7km north-west of the settlement.
This is what happens directly as the result of an earthquake, such as death, injury and damage to infrastructure.
These are the effects that happen as the result of the primary effects of a volcano or earthquake. They can happen hours, days or weeks after, such as fires, landslides and the spread of disease.
Immediate responses are how people reacted in the days and weeks immediately after the disaster happened.
Long-term responses are those that go on for months and years after a disaster.
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