The magnitude 7.8 earthquake in Nepal occurred on 25th April 2015. Its epicentre was 80km north-west of the capital city, Kathmandu. The 2009 earthquake in L’Aquila, Italy was 6.3 on the Richter Scale and occurred 7km north-west of the settlement.
Primary effects of an earthquake
This is what happens directly as the result of an earthquake, such as death, injury and damage to infrastructure.
8692 people died and approximately 20000 were injured
Almost three million people were made homeless
Seven thousand schools were destroyed
The cost of the damage was estimated to be around US$5 billion
309 people died and 1500 people were injured
65000 people were made homeless
10000-15000 buildings collapsed
The hospital was badly damaged
The estimated cost of the earthquake was US$16 billion
Secondary effects of an earthquake
These are the effects that happen as the result of the primary effects of a volcano or earthquake. They can happen hours, days or weeks after, such as fires, landslides and the spread of disease.
An avalanche was triggered on Mout Everest killing 19 people
Landslides occurred along steep valleys. 250 people were killed when the village of Ghodatabela was covered in material.
People were evacuated due to the risk of flooding when a landslide blocked the Kali Gandaki River
Access to some areas of the city was restricted due to unsafe buildings
Transport was damaged due to landslides and rock falls
University applications have declined for the University of L’Aquila
Immediate responses are how people reacted in the days and weeks immediately after the disaster happened.
Rescue teams, medical support and water was provided by The UK, China and India
US$126 million was raised in international aid by The Disasters Emergency Committee (DEC)
500000 temporary shelters were set up
The United Nations and World Health Organisation distributed medical supplies
Homeless people were provided with tents and hotel rooms
Bills and mortgages for those affected were suspended
The EU provided US$552.9 million from its major disaster fund
£170 million was raised by the British Red Cross
The DEC did not provide any aid. This is because Italy is a HIC
Long-term responses are those that go on for months and years after a disaster.
Buildings were constructed from to stricter codes
Homeless people were re-housed and 7000 schools were re-built
Base camp at Mount Everest was repaired so climbers could return (this is a valuable source of income for Nepal)
Areas affected by landslides were cleared and roads were repaired
No taxes were paid by the residents of L’Aquila during 2010
To encourage students back to the University fees were dropped for 3 years
A memorial procession is held on the anniversary of the earthquake
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