Urban issues and challenges
A growing percentage of the world’s population lives in urban areas:
Urban growth creates opportunities and challenges for cities in LICs and NEEs.
A case study of a major city in an LIC or NEE to illustrate:
Urban change in cities in the UK leads to a variety
of social, economic and environmental opportunities and challenges:
Overview of the distribution of population and the major cities in the UK.
A case study of a major city in the UK to illustrate:
- the location and importance of the city in the UK and the wider world
- impacts of national and international migration on the growth and character of the city
- how urban change has created opportunities:
- social and economic: cultural mix, recreation and entertainment, employment, integrated transport systems
- environmental: urban greening
- how urban change has created challenges:
- social and economic: urban deprivation, inequalities in housing, education, health and employment
- environmental: dereliction, building on brown eld and green eld sites, waste disposal
- the impact of urban sprawl on the rural-urban fringe, and the growth of commuter settlements.An example of an urban regeneration project to show:
- reasons why the area needed regeneration
- the main features of the project.
Urban sustainability requires management of resources and transport:
- Features of sustainable urban living:
- water and energy conservation
- waste recycling
- creating green space.How urban transport strategies are used to reduce traffic congestion.
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