Water use in the UK has increased significantly over time. For example, the amount of water used by the average household in the UK has increased by 70% since 1985. Almost 50% of the UK’s water is used in the home.
The reasons for the increased demands for water are:
- the increase in households having appliances such as dishwashers and washing machines, which use a large amount of water;
- improvements in personal hygiene, so people now take showers more often. In the past, people were more likely to have a weekly bath and share the water with their family!
- more food is now grown in greenhouses to meet the demand for out of season food. This requires watering throughout the year;
- industrial production has increased leading to a greater demand for water;
- people have more leisure time now than in the past. This has led to an increased demand for water for leisure facilities such as golf courses;
- car ownership has increased leading to more people cleaning cars;
- the population of the UK has increased which has led to a greater demand for water.
The average person in the UK uses 149 litres of water per day. This compares to 575 litres in the USA and just 4 litres in Mozambique.