Which of the following is not an ecosystem found in the UK?
Which of the following statements is not true?
Little of the UK was once covered in woodland. There are still some small areas of woodland in the UK’s lowlands. Large areas of woodland include The New Forest, Kielder Forest and the Forest of Dean.
Which of the following statements about heaths and moorlands is not true?
True or false? Moorlands are found in upland areas whereas heaths are found in lowland areas, leading to a difference in the types of species that thrive in these areas.
True or false? Heaths have dry, sandy soils (south and east of the UK) or wet and peaty (north and west of the UK). Heaths are home to some rare species of plants, such as the yellow centaury. Plants provide habitats for a range of insects, which are consumed by birds such as nightjars and rare lizards such as sand lizards.
True or false? Moorlands provide habitats for a range of animals and birds, including mountain hares and hen harriers. Most moorland areas are used for grazing sheep and raise grouse. Grouse eat young shoots of heather and nest in it. New growth is encouraged each year by burning the moorland.
In wetlands water stops oxygen getting into the soil which means it is what?
True or false? Vegetation decomposes very slowly in bogs and, over time, forms peat. Bogs have acid soils, however, marshes have alkaline or neutral soils.
True or false? Most native woodlands in the UK are coniferous, which means the trees lose their leaves in the Autumn.
Most native woodlands in the UK are deciduous, which means the trees lose their leaves in the Autumn.
True or false? Deciduous trees typically have fertile soils. Leaves decompose adding nutrients to the deep, brown soil. Smaller plants such as bluebells, moss and lichens thrive in the nutrient-rich soil.
Which of the following is not a way marine ecosystems provide resources?
True or false? Run-off from farming leads to eutrophication. This is when nutrients enter marine ecosystems, leading to the excessive growth of algae. This reduces the supply of oxygen and light to the seabed, destroying marine ecosystems.
True or false? Plastic waste is increasingly becoming a problem in marine ecosystems. Sealife and sea bird consume plastic, believing it to be food. The plastic takes up room in their stomachs, sometimes causing starvation.
Which of the following is not an example of how the seabed around the UK is damaged?
True or false? Demand for wild fish in the UK is greater than the supply. This has led to overfishing. Reduced fish stocks also have a detrimental impact on consumers such as seabirds and seals.