Stage 1 in the formation of a headland
Waves attack a weakness in the headland. The video below shows cracks in the chalk cliffs at Flamborough.
Stage 2 in the formation of a headland
A cave is formed.
Stage 3 in the formation of a headland
Eventually, the cave erodes through the headland to form an arch.
The image below shows an arch at Flamborough.
The most famous arch in the UK is Durdle Door, located on Dorset’s Jurassic Coast.
The video below shows an arch at Flamborough.
Stage 4 in the formation of a headland
The roof of the arch collapses leaving a column of rock called a stack.
The video below shows a stack at Flamborough.
The image below shows Old Harry, a stack on the Dorset Coast. You can view more images of this stack in the Old Harry gallery.
Od Harry Rocks
Stage 5 in the formation of a headland
The base of the stack is then eroded which causes it to collapse leaving a stump.
The erosion of a headland is explored in more detailed below.
Erosion of a headland