Location of Mappleton
Situated approximately 3km south of Hornsea lies the village of Mappleton. Supporting approximately 50 properties, the village has been subject to intense erosion at a rate of 2.0m per year, resulting in the access road being only 50m from the cliff edge at its closest point. Mappleton is served by the B1242 which is the main road that connects settlements along the Holderness Coast.
Geology of Mappleton
Mappleton lies upon unconsolidated till. This is soft and erodes very easily. This material was deposited by glaciers during the last ice age 18,000 years ago.
Mappleton’s Coastal Features
The two rock groynes at Mappleton have helped develop wide and steep sandy beaches.
Coastal Management at Mappleton
In 1991 almost £2 million was spent on two rock groynes and a rock revetment to protect Mappleton and the B1242 coastal road. Blocks of granite were imported from Norway for the sea defences. The purpose of the two rock groynes was to trap beach material. By retaining a wide, sandy beach between the stone groynes the sea would not be able to reach the base of the cliffs at Mappleton. In addition to this the cliff between the two groynes has been stablised through landscaping and vegetation cover.
The coastal defences have been effective in reducing erosion between the two groynes. As the result of these coastal management strategies a substantial beach has been retained between the groynes halting erosion.
However, further south the rate of erosion has increased significantly. This is because material which is being carried south is not being replaced (it is trapped within the groynes). Therefore there is no beach to protect the cliffs. Even during a neap tide ( a tide which is 30% less than the average tidal range) the sea reaches the base of the soft cliffs and erosion occurs.
Explore the impact of coastal management using the 360 degree images below
The annotated image below shows the management strategies that have been introduced at Mappleton and their impact.
An annotated photograph to show the coastal management techniques used the protect Mappleton and their impact (click to enlarge).
In August 2015 a large crack appeared in the top of the cliff to the south of the defences. The video compilation below shows this and coastal defences at Mappleton.
More details of this case study can be found on our A Level sister site www.alevelgeography.com