Global warming brings a range of positive and negative impacts. The negative impacts of global warming on the UK include:
- rising sea levels leading to low lying coastal areas being inundated
- ski resorts in Scotland could close
- more extreme weather causing floods and drought
- increased pressure on water supplies during hotter summers
However, there is also a range of benefits of global warming to the UK. These include:
- winter heating costs may reduce as winters become milder
- more people choosing to holiday in the UK which will support economic growth
- new crops such as oranges, grapes and peaches will be grown in the UK
On a wider scale, global warming will bring both positive and negative impacts around the world. The negative global impacts include:
- sea level rise affecting 80 million people
- tropical storms will become more frequent and stronger as the temperature of the ocean in the tropics becomes warmer
- there will be an increase in extinction as ecosystems are affected by the changing climate
- tropical diseases, such as malaria will increase
- changes in climate will lead to drought in some areas
- greenhouse gases will be released from land that is permafrost (frozen) thawing e.g. Arctic Tundra
Positive impacts of global warming around the world include:
- a decrease in energy consumption as the climate becomes warmer
- the growing season will increase in some areas leading to more crops being grown
- people in previously frozen regions will be able to grow crops e.g. Alaska
The effects of climate change can be managed through adaptation and mitigation.
Use the images below to explore related GeoTopics.
What causes climate change?
How can the impacts of climate change be managed?
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