Immediate and long-term responses to tectonic hazards

After a tectonic hazard occurs, the recovery effort is supported by immediate and long-term responses. Short-term or immediate responses occur in the hours and days immediately after a disaster. Short-term responses mainly involve evacuation, search and rescue and providing aid to those affected.

Long-term responses go on for months and years after a disaster. It involves constructing destroyed houses, schools, hospitals, etc. It also involves taking steps to boost the local economy.

Responses differ between countries at different stages of development.

Immediate responses to tectonic hazards

Immediate responses are the assistance and aid given within the hours and days following a disaster. Immediate responses to tectonic hazards include:

  • Issuing warnings – this can follow volcanic eruptions when activity is likely to continue. It can also occur after a major earthquake due to the risk of aftershocks.
  • Rescue teams searching for survivors – often, LICs rely on support from aid agencies and HIC governments for support in searching for survivors.
  • Providing treatment to injured people – this can include providing painkillers or antibiotics and treatment for minor injuries through to emergency surgery for the worst affected. Field hospitals are set up where considerable pressure is placed on existing medical facilities.
  • Food, drink and shelter provided – providing clean, safe water is a significant priority following major tectonic hazard events, as services are often damaged or destroyed.
  • Recovering bodies – following the rescue of people trapped by a hazardous event, the priority changes to removing bodies.
  • Extinguishing fires – fires are common following earthquakes due to damage to gas pipes and damaged electricity lines. In some instances, deaths caused by fires have been greater than the collapse of buildings.

Long-term responses to tectonic hazards

Long-term responses are those that take place in the weeks and months after a hazard event. They focus on rebuilding and reconstructing areas affected by a hazard event. Long-term responses to tectonic hazards include:

  • Rebuilding and repairing properties
  • Rebuilding and repairing transport infrastructure
  • Improving building regulations
  • Restoring utilities such as water, electricity and gas
  • Resettling local people
  • Developing opportunities for the economy to recover
  • Install monitoring equipment
take a quiz
Internet Geography Plus

Premium Resources

Please Support Internet Geography

If you've found the resources on this page useful please consider making a secure donation via PayPal to support the development of the site. The site is self-funded and your support is really appreciated.

Related Topics

Use the images below to explore related GeoTopics.

Pin It on Pinterest

Share This