Urban Challenges in Lagos – access to health and education

Health care

Although healthcare provision is better in Lagos than in rural areas, it is not always free and may involve a long queue to see a doctor.

Vaccinations against diseases are available for children but often must be paid for.

Investments in health care are not matching the rapid population growth of Lagos. Residents, particularly in squatter settlements, are at risk of diseases such as typhoid and malaria.

Many doctors and nurses have relocated to more economically developed countries, such as the UK. This ‘brain drain’ puts considerable stress on healthcare provision in Lagos. Additionally, many wealthier people seek medical help abroad.


Free education is offered to all younger children; however, in poorer areas, many children have to work to support their families. Secondary school places are very limited and mostly private.

Industries are encouraged to work with universities to create relevant courses for employment opportunities.

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