Physical Geography of the UK
The unique physical geography of the UK has been formed by a range of processes over time.
The UK has some of the most diverse environments for its size. Take a look at the video below to see how well you know the natural environments of the UK.
The video below explores landscapes in the UK in 100 seconds.
The physical geography of the UK was formed through geological, fluvial, glacial, erosional and tectonic processes.
The majority of the UK’s upland areas are located in the north and west of the country. These areas are mainly formed from igneous (volcanic) and metamorphic rock. Lowlands are typically found around the coast and in the south and east. These areas are mainly made up of sedimentary rock.
The UK consists of a number of river basins. These are large areas of land drained by a river and its tributaries. At 220 miles the longest river in the UK is the River Severn.
Use the images below to explore related GeoTopics.