A case study of a densely populated area – Greater London

Greater London is one of the most densely populated areas in the UK. There are a range of human and physical factors that have led to this.

Physical factors for Greater London being densely populated

London is located on the River Thames. Historically, the river was used for drinking, washing and waste and is one of the reasons the city was established in this location. The river became increasingly important for transporting raw materials and manufactured goods.

London is located on flat land, making it easy to build houses and offices.

London experiences a low frequency of extreme weather events. This, along with an absence of natural disasters in the area makes it a relatively safe place to live.

Human factors for Greater London being densely populated

Economic factors

London is an important global centre for finance and trade. These sectors, along with tourism, provide many jobs.

The city has an excellent communications infrastructure, particularly with regards to internet access and mobile phone provision.

London has an effective integrated transport infrastructure which, along with a number of local airports, makes it very accessible.

Social factors

Crime rates are relatively low compared to other major cities around the world.

Education and health care provision in London is very good, which attracts people to the area.

Political factors

The British Government offers a range of incentives including building grants, housing schemes and transport infrastructure schemes. This encourages business to the area, creating jobs and encouraging people to the area.

Public services such as education, transport, parks and other amenities are good in London which encourages people to the area.

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