Landforms of River Erosion Flashcards

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What is a waterfall?
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A waterfall is a step in the long profile of the valley. It is where water falls down the vertical drop in the channel usually from a considerable height.

Find out more about the landforms of erosion in the upper course of a river.

What is a waterfall?
Give three characteristics of rapids.
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The characteristics of rapids include:

  • the turbulent flow of water
  • white water
  • uneven river bed
  • steep gradients.

Find out more about the landforms of erosion in the upper course of a river.

Give three characteristics of rapids.
How are rapids formed?
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Rapids form when there is vertical bedding which is when alternate bands of hard and soft rock cross the channel. Differential erosion will occur as the soft rock is more easily eroded than hard rock. This makes the riverbed uneven and river’s flow becomes turbulent leading to white water sections typical of rapids.

Find out more about the landforms of erosion in the upper course of a river.

How are rapids formed?
Where are waterfalls and gorges typically found along the long profile of a river?
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Waterfalls and gorges are typically found in the upper course of the river.

Find out more about the landforms of erosion in the upper course of a river.

Where are waterfalls and gorges typically found along the long profile of a river?
Draw a simple diagram to show the main features of a meander.
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meander diagram

Find out more about meanders and oxbow lakes.

Draw a simple diagram to show the main features of a meander.




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