A country with a low rate of population growth or decline – Japan
According to the World Bank, the population of Japan as of 2018 is at 126.5 million, including foreign residents. The population of only Japanese nationals was 124.8 million in January 2019.
Japan was the world’s tenth-most populous country as of 2018. Total population had declined by 0.8 per cent from the time of the census five years previously, the first time it had declined since the 1945 census.
Since 2010, Japan has experienced net population loss due to falling birth rates and minimal immigration, despite having one of the highest life expectancies in the world, at 85.00 years as of 2016 (it stood at 81.25 as of 2006). Using the annual estimate for October of each year, the population peaked in 2009 at 128,570,000.
Why is Japan’s population declining?
Fewer women in Japan are having babies, leading to a reduction in birth rates. There are a number of reasons for this:
- Many Japanese women work in high-tech industries
- Their careers may be affected by being a mother
- Children are becoming increasingly expensive due to increased childcare costs
- Couples and women can afford a better standard of living if they have fewer children to support
- People are putting off having children until later in life to focus on careers and enjoy a better standard of living
Significant improvements in Japan’s health care have led to people living much longer than before. However, despite this, death rates are increasing.