Causes of Flooding Flashcards

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Identify three ways humans can increase the risk of flooding in rural areas.
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Three ways humans can increase the risk of flooding in rural areas are:

  • Deforestation
  • Intensive farming, leaving fields bare in the winter
  • Overgrazing
  • Increased use of polytunnels

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Identify three ways humans can increase the risk of flooding in rural areas.
Identify three ways humans can increase the risk of flooding in urban areas.
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Three ways humans can increase the risk of flooding in urban areas are:

  • Building new infrastructure e.g. roads and paths
  • Building new houses
  • Disappearing gardens

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Identify three ways humans can increase the risk of flooding in urban areas.
How does a change from pastoral to arable farming increase the risk of flooding?
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A change from pastoral to arable farming increases the risk of flooding because once crops have been harvested the soil is sometimes left bare in the winter. This reduces interception because there is no vegetation.

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How does a change from pastoral to arable farming increase the risk of flooding?
How can geology increase flood risk?
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Geology can increase the risk of flooding when:

  • The upland bedrock is impermeable, such as slate, which means there is more surface run-off
  • Soil in low lying areas is made up of clay. Because it is so compact it is difficult for infiltration to occur.
  • Areas of permeable rock, such as limestone, become inundated with water leading to increased surface run-off

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How can geology increase flood risk?
Give three natural ways flood risk can be increased.
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Natural ways flood risk can be increased include:

  • heavy rainfall caused by depressions causing heavy, continuous rain which saturates the soil. The land can no longer absorb water as it is saturated increasing surface run-off, higher river discharge and flooding.
  • sudden downpours occurring following a very dry period can lead to flooding because the surface is baked hard. Surface run-off occurs as water cannot infiltrate leading to higher river discharge and flooding.
  • sudden snowmelt releases stored water that flows over the land as surface run-off
  • the loss of vegetation cover through drought or disease can lead to flooding as less interception occurs so more precipitation reaches the surface leading to increased surface run-off.

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Give three natural ways flood risk can be increased.




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