Hazards and Structure of the Earth Flashcards

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Give 2 characteristics of continental crust.
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  • Less dense than oceanic crust
  • Thicker than oceanic crust
  • Lighter than oceanic crust
  • Forms the Earth’s continents
  • Older than oceanic crust
Give 2 characteristics of continental crust.
Explain ridge push and slab pull as a cause of plate movement.
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Ridge push magma rises as the plates move apart. The magma cools to form new plate material. As it cools It becomes denser and slides down away from the ridge. This causes other plates to move away from each other.
Slab pull – The denser plate sinks back into the mantle under the influence of gravity. It pulls the rest of the plate along behind it.
Explain ridge push and slab pull as a cause of plate movement.
Give two possible reasons why tectonic plates move.
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Convection currents & Slab pull (+ ridge push).
Give two possible reasons why tectonic plates move.
Give an example of a location where volcanoes occur at a volcanic hot spot.
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Hawaii, Yellowstone and The Deccan Traps.
Give an example of a location where volcanoes occur at a volcanic hot spot.
How can natural hazards be classified?
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  • Tectonic hazards
  • Atmospheric hazards
  • Geomorphological hazards
  • Biological hazards
How can natural hazards be classified?




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