Rivers – Soft Engineering Flashcards

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Identify one cost of planting trees as a flood management strategy.
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Examples include:

  • it can reduce habitat diversity when hillsides are covered in tree
  • it can lead to acidity in the soil
  • the loss of farmland

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Identify one cost of planting trees as a flood management strategy.
Give three examples of soft engineering.
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Examples include:

  • flood warnings
  • flood plain zoning
  • planting trees
  • river restoration

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Give three examples of soft engineering.
Identify two disadvantages of floodplain zoning
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Examples include:

  • restricts economic development as certain land uses are prohibited
  • if land cannot be used for building the current housing shortage will continue
  • through building elsewhere habitats may be lost
  • it is very difficult to implement retrospectively where urban development has already taken place on the floodplain.

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Identify two disadvantages of floodplain zoning
Identify two benefits of floodplain zoning.
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Examples include:

  • low-cost solution
  • reduces additional impermeable surface coverage of the floodplain
  • protects and conserves water meadows for wildlife and recreation
  • reduces insurance costs when property is flooded

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Identify two benefits of floodplain zoning.
Give two benefits of planting trees as a flood management strategy.
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Examples include:

  • benefits wildlife by creating habitats
  • it’s a natural method of intercepting precipitation and slowing water transfer in a river basin
  • absorbs and stores carbon reduce the amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere
  • relatively inexpensive.

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Give two benefits of planting trees as a flood management strategy.




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