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Week 4

The Final Countdown is here to help you prepare for your final AQA GCSE geography exam. Following our weekly exercises will prepare you to take on the examiner.


This week you will revise weather hazards and climate change. It would help if you covered the following:

  • General atmospheric circulation model: pressure belts and surface winds.
  • Global distribution of tropical storms (hurricanes, cyclones, typhoons).
  • An understanding of the relationship between tropical storms and general atmospheric circulation.
  • Causes of tropical storms and the sequence of their formation and development.
  • The structure and features of a tropical storm.
  • How climate change might affect the distribution, frequency and intensity of tropical storms.
  • Primary and secondary effects of tropical storms.
  • Immediate and long-term responses to tropical storms.
  • Use a named example of a tropical storm to show its effects and responses.
  • How monitoring, prediction, protection and planning can reduce the effects of tropical storms.
  • An overview of types of weather hazard experienced in the UK.
    • causes
    • social, economic and environmental impacts
    • how management strategies can reduce risk.
  • An example of a recent extreme weather event in the UK to illustrate:
  • Evidence that weather is becoming more extreme in the UK.
  • Evidence for climate change from the beginning of the Quaternary period to the present day.
    • natural factors – orbital changes, volcanic activity and solar output
    • human factors – use of fossil fuels, agriculture and deforestation.Possible causes of climate change:
  • Overview of the effects of climate change on people and the environment.
  • Managing climate change:
    • mitigation – alternative energy production, carbon capture, planting trees, international agreements
    • adaptation – change in agricultural systems, managing water supply, reducing risk from rising sea levels.

Use one of the three strategies below to revise these areas.


Complete the revision quizzes covering weather hazards and climate change.

Exam Questions

Question 1

Using Figure 4 and your own understanding, suggest how plate movements causes tectonic hazards along destructive plate margins [6 marks]

Question 2

Immediate responses to a tectonic hazard are more important than long-term responses. Do you agree? Using Figure 5 and one or more examples, explain your answer. [9 marks +3]

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