How to show physical changes over time using images in Geography

Illustrating physical changes over time is a great way to demonstrate the impact of processes in geography. The good news is that there are lots of free, easy to use tools online to do this.

A good starting point is creating an animated GIF. An animated GIF is an image which contains a number of images or frames in a single file. The frames are presented in a specific order in order to convey animation. The animated GIF below shows changes along the coast to the south of the sea defences at Withernsea on the Holderness Coast.

An animated GIF showing changes along the Holderness Coastline

An animated GIF showing changes along the Holderness Coastline

Creating the animated GIF above involved capturing two aerial images from Google Earth which were then combined using free, online GIF making software. The steps for creating this image are listed below.

Step 1 – Download and install Google Earth

Step 2 – Open Google Earth and choose the location you want to create an animated GIF for.

Step 3 – Go to View > Historical Imagery

Step 4 – Use the slider to select your first image.

Step 5 – Click the Save Image icon (it looks like a pin on a map). This will download the image to your computer.

Step 6 – Give the image an appropriate title. Choose the resolution you want to use. The higher the resolution the clearer the image (and the larger the image file).

Step 7 – Click the Save Image button.

Step 8 – Use the slider to select the date of your next image. Repeat steps 5-7.

Step 9 – You can capture any number of images for your animated GIF.

Step 10 – You now need to create your animated GIF from the captured images. To do this go to

Step 11 – Click Upload Images and upload the images you want to use.

Step 12 – Experiment with the Animation speed slider. Once you are happy with the speed click the Create GIF Animation button.

Step 13 – Click download the GIF

Another technique to illustrate changes over time is to superimpose one image over another. The image below shows the coastline south of Withernsea in 2017 with the coastline from 2007 superimposed over the top.

2007 and 2017 Withernsea Coastline merged

2007 and 2017 Withernsea Coastline merged

The image that has been superimposed (2007) is partially transparent to reveal the 2017 coastline. If you have two separate images to merge then head over to

River Fieldwork CPD on the River Derwent

Coastal Environments CPD – Erosional Landforms, Coastal Management, Deposition and Fieldwork on the Holderness Coast

OS Maps on Bing

Did you know OS Maps is available free on Microsoft Bing Maps? To access them go to Then click the drop-down menu under Road and select Ordnance Survey.

OS Maps on Bing

OS Maps on Bing

You can then zoom to any location to display the OS map for that area.

OS map on Bing

OS map on Bing

What do you buy a geography teacher for Christmas?

Geography teachers are amazing creatures. They are talented, intelligent, attractive and funny, so what do you buy the person who has everything? Worry not, we’ve put together a list of must-have gifts for the geography teacher in your life. What’s more, we’re offering you the opportunity to win some of our featured gifts. More on this below!

1. An amazing stay

Tan Hill Inn

Tan Hill Inn

The gift of rest and relaxation is hard to beat, but a stay at Tan Hill Inn, Great Britain’s highest inn, is unbeatable. With an open fire and a warm welcome throughout the year, a stay at Tan Hill is a memorable event. The World Famous Tan Hill Inn is situated in The Yorkshire Dales, in Swaledale, just near Keld. With its real ales and great food, Tan Hill is the place to stay. Buying vouchers for Tan Hill Inn is a great way to treat the geography teacher in your life.

If you time your visit right you might even get snowed in!

2. An adventure

Group gorge walking at How Stean Gorge

Group gorge walking at How Stean Gorge

What better than giving the gift of adventure to a geography teacher? There are lots of centres offering adventurous activities but our favourite is How Stean Gorge in the Yorkshire Dales. If your geography teacher is one for adrenaline-fueled activities we recommend the Big 5 multi outdoor activity day. The Big 5 includes:

  • Via Ferrata
  • Abseiling
  • Gorge walk / Ghyll Scrambling
  • Caving
  • Canoeing

The gorge walk (shown above) is an amazing experience.

For the more conservative geography teacher, it’s well worth a visit to walk through the gorge and visit the caves.

You can book the activities and buy gift vouchers online. It’s a fantastic day out, with a great team in a beautiful location. We love it!

If your budget is tight you could consider a Great British Adventure Map.

3. Drone
Another great Christmas present for the geography teacher in your life has to be a drone. If your budget is tight considered a tello drone or if you want to splash the cash consider a DJI Mavic Pro.

4. Ordnance Survey Puzzle Book
Cheap, cheerful and guaranteed to keep them occupied, the new Ordnance Survey Puzzle Book will keep them quiet during the festive period.

5. Ordnance Survey Colouring Book
For the more creative geography teacher treat them to an OS map colouring book. If you need to, throw in some colouring pencils. Just make sure they don’t go over the lines and the shading is in one direction.

6. Ordnance Survey OS Maps online subscription
A subscription to OS Maps will win the heart of the geography teacher who loves the great outdoors. They can plan routes online, check them out in 3D and use their mobile phones to stay on the right path in the great outdoors. Of course, don’t bother if you’re after losing them! Find out more about OS Maps online subscription.

7. A good read
We’ve compiled a list of books that should be on every geography teacher’s bookshelf. Take a look at our favourite reads.

8. A personalised OS Map
The Ordnance Survey offers a personalised map service. Focus on their favourite area or create a unique gift with folded, flat or framed maps. Show the instantly recognisable style of the OS Explorer and OS Landranger leisure maps.

9. Anemometer
Sit and watch them blow it until they’re blue in the face. If it’s peace and quiet you are looking for, look no further than an anemometer.

10. Geography Teacher Mug
Perfect for break-time refreshments, treat them to a mug

11. Tooth Brush Holder
Finish off their bathroom with the perfect toothbrush holder

12. Gin
What more could the gin-loving geography teacher want? Yes, you guessed it, more gin! Mother’s ruin will help them plough through marking on an evening. Take a look at these craft gins.

13. Beers
Let them travel the world with their taste buds. Beer Hawk has put together a great collection of world beers. Staying closer to home you won’t go wrong with Marston’s classic ales.

14. Geography Stationery
Who doesn’t love a bit a nice stationery? Throw in a geographical theme and the geography teacher in your life will love it. You might consider:

15. Globe
It sounds obvious but why not go for a light up globe? Alternatively, this floating globe with LED lights is pretty impressive.

16. Globe Drinks Cabinet
The best of both worlds! Drinks + globe = happy geography teacher. Treat your geographer to a globe-shaped mini bar drinks cabinet

17. A GPS Device

18. T-shirt
Geography teachers are loud and proud about their subject. Help them shout about it with a geography-related t-shirt.

19. An anorak
Ok, walking jackets are a lot more sophisticated now than they were in the past. Why not look after them and keep them warm with an insulated coat or dry with a waterproof jacket.

20. Virtual Reality
A VR headset will get them turning heads (sorry, that was shocking). A VR headset combined with a smart phone and Google Earth VR puts the whole world within their reach.


We’ve partnered up with Tan Hill Inn, How Stean Gorge and The Ordnance Survey, to offer you the opportunity to win some of the gifts featured in our Christmas List.

One lucky person will win a fantastic prize consisting of:

  1. A one night stay at Tan Hill Inn for two people in February 2019 (Sun-Thurs)
  2. A family ticket to visit How Stean Gorge and cave
  3. An OS Maps online one-year subscription
  4. A copy of the new OS Maps Puzzle Book
  5. A £20 Amazon gift voucher provided by Internet Geography

At the beginning of December, we’ll be sharing our 2018 Christmas Quiz. To be entered into the prize draw all you need to do is submit a question for the quiz.

Even if you don’t win the main prize you will receive a free copy of our 2018 Christmas quiz so you’ve nothing to lose!

The boring bit:

Terms and Conditions

  1. The competition is open to all residents of the UK, including the Channel Islands and the Isle of Man, except Internet Geography employees, their close relatives and anyone connected with the competition.
  2. You must be at least 18 years of age to enter.
  3. Proof of identity, age and eligibility may be required.
  4. By entering you grant Internet Geography permission to use any question(s) you submit in its 2018 Christmas Quiz which will be available for a small donation to anyone who did not enter the competition
  5. Competition entries will only be accepted between 11th November 2018 and 30th November 2018.
  6. If you enter the competition you will receive a copy of the Internet Geography 2018 Christmas quiz for free.
  7. The competition winner will be selected at random on 1st December 2018.
  8. The prize is stated as above. There is no cash alternative and the prizes cannot be sold or transferred in any circumstances.
  9. Internet Geography’s decision as to entrants taking part and winners is final. No correspondence relating to the competition will be entered into.
  10. Entrants agree to take part in any post-competition publicity. The name of the winner will be made public.
  11. Your personal data will be processed by the Internet Geography in accordance with the Data Protection Act 1998. We will only use this personal information for the purposes of administering this competition. The personal information of unsuccessful entrants will be destroyed after the competition has finished. We will collect further personal information from the winner in order to provide the prizes.
  12. By agreeing to be added to the Internet Geography mailing list your details will be kept secure via our mailing list provider Mail Chimp. You can unsubscribe from this at anytime via the mailing list emails we send.
  13. By purchasing items using the links below Internet Geography may earn a small commision based on the sale. This goes towards the development of the site and supports running costs.


Now That’s What I Call Geography

Earlier in the week, I started thinking about songs that related to geography that could be used as a hook to help students remember geographical information or analyse lyrics to develop an understanding of place, processes and features. I reached out to the geography community and they came up trumps. A post on Facebook and a tweet on Twitter led to a flurry of suggestions of geography-related songs. What we’ve ended up with is Now that’s What I Call Geography, an eclectic mix of music from Iron Maiden to a track from the Little Mermaid and The Smiths to Aqua.

After several hours copying and pasting, I’ve collated the songs and you can view them below. If you have any suggestions for the playlist please contact us.

If you subscribe to Amazon Music use this link to access the playlist.

Now That’s What I Call Geography – The full list of tracks and links to geography in one spreadsheet.

If you found this useful please support Internet Geography on Ko-fi.

Anthony Bennett

Coastal Environments CPD – Erosional Landforms, Coastal Management and Fieldwork on the Holderness Coast

Practical Geography

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