Coastal Management at Mappleton Video

Mauna Loa 2022 Eruption

Beyond 8 Billion – The Ageing Population Crisis in Japan

The Day of 8 Billion

The Impact of Coastal Management at Hornsea – A Photo Story

Mappleton Drone Images

With the sun shining, we took the new Internet Geography DJI Mini 3 drone out to Mappleton on the Holderness Coast to capture some images and footage for a new case study video we’re developing. After sharing some images on social media, we’ve been asked to post some examples on the site!

The images we’ve shared on this page have not been processed yet and are low resolution. Over the coming days, they’ll be replaced with higher-resolution images.


Coastal management at Mappleton

Coastal management at Mappleton

Aerial photograph of Mappleton coastal defences

Aerial photograph of Mappleton coastal defences

360° Images


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Free resources like these are only available due to the support of Internet Geography Plus subscribers. We’d like to express our sincere thanks to everyone who supports Internet Geography Plus.

If you’ve not got a subscription but would like to support Internet Geography, you can always treat us to a coffee or take out a low-cost subscription to Internet Geography Plus and access hundreds of geography resources.

Internet Geography Plus Weekly Revision Idea

I’m interested in your views on an Internet Geography Plus resource idea I have to support weekly revision for your GCSE students. The proposal is that they are provided with an A4 double-sided page which provides a breakdown of each unit, outlining what they need to revise every week. Each weekly revision slot will have a QR code to a page on Internet Geography, which will then provide links to an online review quiz to check their understanding, then links to online information for them to read and produce revision materials (there will be guides on how to complete revision cards etc.).

The screenshot below (click to view) shows a basic draft overview of what the resource given to students could be like (the QR codes are mockups and don’t work! It also looks a bit unattractive at the moment, but you get the idea!).

The A4 sheet above will be editable so that you can customise your revision assignments. So, for example, once the bank of revision sheets is completed for your spec, you will be able to identify areas in a mock, for instance, that students didn’t do too well on and copy and paste from across the different units to provide a customised revision schedule.

I’ve created a draft version of a weekly revision page on Internet Geography for Week 1 of The Challenge of Natural Hazards weekly revision resource above. The page needs more work and titivating, but it might give you an idea. You can view it here

Before investing more time into this, I would love to hear your thoughts (positive and constructive – but do let me know if it’s not for you or your students). Please take a minute to provide feedback.


Internet Geography

Strategies for teaching geographical vocabulary

Developing knowledge organisers for AQA GCSE geography units provided a stark reminder of the sheer number of geographical terms students need to understand to be successful in geography. As a result, I have included seventy-four key terms for the documents covering River Landscapes in the UK alone. 

AQA has produced a document containing key terms and definitions for each GCSE geography unit. However, it falls short of including all the terms students need to know. When adding vocabulary to the knowledge organisers, it reminded me of the significant number of tier three literacy terms students need to be able to use. It also made me reflect on my time in the classroom and that, in all honesty, I didn’t do enough to teach these critical terms to my students explicitly. I think I probably got in the comfort zone where I assumed students would know and be able to use these terms. 

The Geographical Association provide a reminder of the importance of literacy in geography. 

“The use of language is an integral part of learning geography, and literacy skills are essential for geographical understanding. It is through language that students develop their ideas about geography and communicate them. “

Rather than consider literacy as a discrete element, literacy should be a foundation of geographical education, including the explicit instruction of tier three vocabulary.  

“Literacy in secondary school must not simply be seen as a basket of general skills. Instead, it must be grounded in the specifics of each subject. Crucially, by attending to the literacy demands of their subjects, teachers increase their students’ chance of success in their subjects. Secondary school teachers should ask not what they can do for literacy, but what literacy can do for them.”

Education Endowment Foundation – Improving literacy in secondary schools

Many learners may struggle with tier 3 (subject-specific) vocabulary as it is often unfamiliar. A Year 8 student, for example, will rarely see ‘gross national product’ or ‘tributary’ in their wider reading.

Learners who can’t understand subject-specific terminology can’t access the taught content. Fortunately, content and vocabulary don’t have to be separate entities.

Approaches to the development of subject-specific language 

  1. Identify key terms – Before teaching a lesson or sequence of lessons, identify the geographical terms students need to be able to use fluently. Find out the words students already know and which you will focus on. To do this, you could provide them with a continuum, as shown below.


  2. Present the terms in context – Give the class a passage of text containing the keywords used in context. Once they see the big picture, you can start exploring their meanings.
    Present terms in context
  3. Word morphology – Breaking words into prefixes, suffixes, and roots is an effective way to help students link with familiar language. So many terms that seem intimidating initially contain parts that students already know. For example, a biome is a large-scale ecosystem. Breaking this down and looking at the prefix ‘bio’ – life – will help them define the new word ‘biome’. Online tools such as Etymonline Online are useful for investigating etymology. Additionally, a Google search of a keyword followed by etymology provides a very useful overview through a branch diagram, as shown below.

    Geography etymology branch diagram


  4. Images and definitions – Ask the students to draw a simple image to summarise the word. They should then write a definition for each word. As they do this, check for understanding as you circulate. Address misconceptions with individuals and provide whole class feedback.
    Images and definitions

    Images and definitions – A downloadable PPT of this is available to Internet Geography Plus subscribers.


  5. Video – Videos are often shown in geography lessons to introduce new information. A problem with this is that students may be unfamiliar with the technical terms used in the video. Perhaps we should rethink how we use videos in the classroom by showing them after students have engaged with geographical terms (through the exercises above) so that they can process the information more effectively.
  6. Low-stakes quiz – Regular quizzes are a great way to revisit the course content and beat the forgetting curve. Multiple-choice and short-answer questions are ideal for this.

    Internet Geography Plus subscribers can access a significant bank of multiple-choice booklets, and Google/Microsoft forms multiple-choice quizzes.


  7. Odd-one-out – Odd one out activities encourage the retrieval of prior knowledge, promote critical thinking and provide opportunities to practice geographical vocabulary. Provide students with a collection of words (3-4) where the majority are connected. Students then identify the word that is the odd one and explain the reason. Odd one-out activities encourage students to think about characteristics and processes. To complete the task successfully, students must know the vocabulary’s meaning, enabling them to identify similarities and differences. These skills have a positive impact on the geographical communication not only of individual students but of the class as a whole.

    Odd one out

    Internet Geography Plus subscribers have access to a collection of odd one-out activities.

  8. Keyword dominoes – There are various ways students can use dominoes to build an understanding of key terms. The keywords could be added to dominoes that students match up at the most basic level. The next level would be to add a definition to one side of the domino with a key term on the other. Finally, students could match key terms that link, so long as they can explain the connection, e.g. vertical erosion will match abrasion as abrasion leads to vertical erosion in the upper stages of a river.

  9. Vocabulary groups – Grouping geographical terms can help students build reference points in their new vocabulary. In the case below, three processes of erosion that lead to lateral and vertical erosion are grouped together. A blank version of the diagram below could be given to students to populate with key terms until they become confident in using vocabulary groups. Students could develop their own vocabulary groups when they become more familiar with the studied terms.

    Vocabulary groups


  10. Flashcards – Flashcards are a common revision tool used by students and are one of the most effective ways for motivated learners to study and retain information. Students should be encouraged to create keyword flashcards throughout the course. Why not share our guide to creating flashcards? Alternatively, we’re building a bank of revision flashcards that can be accessed in our interactive revision area.

  11. Fraya Model – The Freya model is a graphic organiser that provides a simple but effective framework to help students to organise their understanding of a new geographical term.
    Freya Model in geography

    The Freya Model in geography.

    A template for the Freya Model is available in an editable PPT format to Internet Geography Plus subscribers.

    You can learn more about the Freya model on Alex Quigley’s blog.

Students must regularly revisit these key terms to be committed to their long-term memory. Therefore retrieval practice activities will be essential over the long term. 

If you’ve successfully used a strategy to support teaching geographical vocabulary, please join the discussion and let us know below!

Internet Geography Primary Plus

We’re excited to announce that we’ll soon be launching Internet Geography Primary Plus. As you might have guessed, we’re extending our Plus family to include resources specifically developed for the primary school curriculum. Our team of writers are currently developing editable resources for use in your classroom!

We want to make sure Internet Geography Primary Plus works for you! So, we’d love to hear your views about the types of resources you’d like to see made available on Internet Geography Primary Plus. As a thank you for taking the time to share your views, we’ll make sure you’re the first to know about the launch of Internet Geography Primary Plus and will throw in a discount on your first annual subscription!

Please click here to contribute.

Ice Core Lesson by Ewan Vernon

Ewan Vernon (@Ewan_1999) recently Tweeted about a really successful lesson based on the use of ice cores.

Ewan has generously agreed to share his resources for the lesson, which can be downloaded below!


Initial lesson inspiration – Ohio State University online:

Additional inspiration and help from: