Creating an exam paper in Google Forms

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Google Forms quizzes are a simple and useful way for students to complete exam questions and papers. The benefit of using Google Forms quizzes for exam questions is that it’s possible to automate some of the marking and feedback. In addition to this, marking is simplified because all the answers are in the same place, saving time when reviewing answers. Finally, Google Forms provides an overview of performance that is useful for evaluating a group of students’ performance and identifying areas that need revisiting.

I’ve set up an example exam paper covering natural hazards using the 2018 AQA GCSE geography paper, which you can view and copy across to your Google Drive by clicking the links below.  The support videos below explain how the form was set up (video 1) and how Google Forms can mark the paper, allocate scores, and provide personalised feedback (video 2). The final video illustrates how to review the cohort’s performance taking the paper and export the results into Google Sheets.

If you’ve developed an exam paper in Google Forms and are happy to share it with the wider community, please drop us an email.

Link 1: The exam paper how the students will see it

Link 2: Copy the exam paper over to your Google Drive (it is unlikely the images will copy across so you may need to add these yourself, this is explained in video 1 below).

Video 1 – Setting up an exam paper in Google Forms

Video 2 – Marking, allocating scores and providing feedback

Video 3 – Review the performance and export to Google Sheets

Coming soon!

How does washing your clothes lead to plastic pollution in the Arctic?

Every time we do the laundry, hundreds of thousands of tiny fibres – known as microfibres – are washed off our clothes, down the drain and into the environment.

Recent research has found high levels of microplastic fibres polluting the Arctic Ocean. These fibres most likely come from washing synthetic clothes in Europe and North America.


In Canada, the Ocean Wise Conservation Association found microplastics in 96 of 97 seawater samples taken from across the polar region. Ninety-two per cent of the microplastics found are fibres, and 73% originate from polyester clothing. The majority of the samples collected were from 3-8 metres below the surface, where much marine life feeds.

The 3-8m layer of seawater is a biologically important area where we find phytoplankton, zooplankton, small fish, big fish, seabirds and marine mammals, looking for food. Large animals such as turtles, albatross, seals and whales die through eating plastic, and there is no reason to think it was different for the smaller ones.

Another study by Ocean Wise in 2019, estimated 3,500tn plastic microfibers from clothes washing in the US and Canada end up in the sea each year; the equivalent in weight to over 20 blue whales!

As well as the fibres found at the North Pole, plastic exists at the deepest point on Earth, the Mariana Trench, and Mount Everest’s peak. Plastic injures wildlife when it is mistaken for food. People also consume microplastics through food and water and breathe them in. However, the health impact of this consumption is not currently known.

Most of the water that flows into the Arctic comes from the Atlantic Ocean. The new research has found more microplastic fibres nearer the Atlantic, than the Pacific Ocean. As you can see from the map showing ocean current below, the North Atlantic Drift transports microplastics released into the North Atlantic.

Major ocean currents

Major ocean currents

What is the Impact of ocean life ingesting microplastics?

Research by The University of Exeter has shown that tiny marine animals called zooplankton, a vital food source for many larger animals like fish and whales, can eat microplastics. When Zooplankton eat microplastics they consume less of their normal food, meaning they get less energy from their diet. This leads to less energy for growth and reproduction. At this point, the microplastics enter the food chain.

As larger animals consume plankton, the concentration of plastic increases. Chemicals attached to microplastics can increase liver toxicity and other pathological changes.

Microfibers fill the bellies of fish, and, while the plastic remains in their guts, the toxins that microfibers contain can migrate into fishes’ flesh, consumed in turn by humans. Researchers found that about 25 percent of individual fish and 67 percent of all species intended for human consumption contained plastic debris, the majority being microfibers.

There is the potential for microfibers to have a negative impact on the fishing industry in the future. Catches may decline due to a breakdown in the ocean food chain. Additionally, demand for seafood may reduce as people become more aware of the impacts of microfibers.

There are, however, economic opportunities in finding solutions to reducing microfiber emissions in the design of innovative laundry traps.

What can we do to reduce the release of microplastic into the sea?

We all have a role to play in reducing microplastic levels in our oceans. As consumers, we can: 

  • wash clothes less often (give them the sniff test before putting them in the wash!)
  • air dry clothes rather than using the tumble drier. This is because tumble drying weakens clothes and makes them more likely to shed microplastics when washed.
  • choose clothes made from natural fibres such as cotton
  • fill our washing machines (the more room clothes have the more likely microfibres will break off)

Drowning in Plastic Video Questions

Nicola Sutton has kindly shared a Microsoft Form containing questions relating to Drowning in Plastic. This has also been copied across to Google Forms. copy the questions across to your Microsoft or Google account using the links below.

Microsoft Forms Drowning in Plastic Video Questions

Google Forms Drowning in Plastic Video Questions

Population Changes in South Korea

Population Changes in South Korea

South Korea’s birth rate has fallen for the first time in its history. As a high-income country, South Korea is battling an ageing population and low birth-rates.

An ageing population is when more people than ever live longer, often with more complex medical conditions. An ageing population increases the dependency ratio and means that the government has to pay more in benefits to people who often do not have the ability to pump money back into the economy.

The latest census (a count of all people and households) figures indicate South Korea’s total population stood at 51,829,023 at the end of December 2020. This is a reduction of 20,838 from the previous year.

Over the previous decade, South Korea’s population had increased every year, although that growth rate had decreased by 1.49% in 2010 to 0.05% by 2019.

During 2020 the country recorded 275,815 births in 2020, compared with 307,764 deaths.

If current trends persist, the government predicts South Korea’s population will drop to 39 million by 2067, when more than 46% of the population will be aged over 64.

Demographic transition

The animation below shows changes in South Korea’s population structure between 1950 and 2019. The animation clearly shows an increase in life expectancy (more people living to an older age) and a decrease in the proportion of younger people (as the birth rate decreases).

South Korea is undergoing an extreme, rapid example of what demographers (people who study population) call ‘demographic transition’. This is a period of population growth, decline and eventual stabilisation that occurs as countries get richer. For South Korea, this means both a large, rapidly ageing population and a low marriage and birth rate that don’t adequately replace the dying generations.

The demographic transition model attempts to show the population changes a country experiences as it develops.

In later stages of the demographic transition, health care improvements generally lead to a population with an extended life expectancy. That is exactly what is happening in South Korea, where life expectancy has increased rapidly in the second half of the 20th Century amid industrialisation.

In the first half of the 1950s, life expectancy was just shorter than 42 years on average (37 for men, 47 for women). Today, the numbers look radically different. South Korea now has one of the world’s highest life expectancies – ranked twelfth highest for 2015-2020, equal with Iceland. The average baby born in South Korea can now expect to live to 82 years (specifically 79 for men, and 85 for women).

In contrast, the global average is 72 years (nearly 70 for men, 74 for women).

In 1950, less than 3% of the population were aged 65 and over. Today, that number is at 15%. By the mid-2060s, the UN forecasts the percentage of those older than 65s will peak at more than 40%. The numbers paint a picture of a very aged society.

And with low birth rates, fewer marriages and longer lives, the trends combine to create a South Korean population that is actually ageing faster than any other developed country.

Why is South Korea’s population in decline?

South Korea has the lowest fertility rate in the world.

The average South Korean woman has just 1.1 children, lower than any other country. (For contrast, the global average is around 2.5 children.) This rate has been declining steadily: between the early 1950s and today, the fertility rate in South Korea dropped from 5.6 to 1.1 children per woman.

One reason for this is because, in South Korea, women struggle to achieve a balance between work and other life demands.

It has been suggested there is increasing opposition among South Korean women to conform to traditions of raising children and caring for ageing in-laws while husbands work.

South Korean women aren’t simply choosing to have fewer children – some are opting to forego romantic relationships entirely. An increasing number are choosing never to marry at all, turning their backs on legal partnerships – and even casual relationships – in favour of having independent lives and careers in what can still be a sexist society despite economic advances.

Soaring house prices are another major issue. Rapidly rising property prices mean a greater proportion of income is spent on mortgages. Also, young couples are put off having children because they are expensive to raise.

What issues are associated with a declining, ageing population?

Apart from increased pressure on public spending as demand for healthcare systems and pensions rise, a declining youth population also leads to labour shortages that directly impact the economy.

What is South Korea doing to address the issue of a declining, ageing population?

Like Japan, which also has a declining population, the government is under pressure to address the long-term issues caused by a rapidly ageing society.

The South Korean government recently announced initiatives to encourage couples to have bigger families, including a one-off payment of 1m won (£675) for pregnant women and monthly cash allowances for children aged under 12 months.

However, critics say the measures do little to tackle much bigger financial obstacles to having more children, such as high education and housing costs.

Short Answer Quizzes

With the increasing use of Google and Microsoft forms for remote learning, we’ve converted many of our multiple-choice booklets into Google and Microsoft forms for Internet Geography Plus subscribers to copy. Forms are self-marking which saves you time!

So far, Plus subscribers have access to all the AQA GCSE paper 1 and 2 quizzes, Edexcel A and B quizzes are being developed (there are several units for both specs) along with OCR.

We are also developing a bank of case study multiple choice quizzes too.

Case Study Multiple Choice Quizzes

Case Study Multiple Choice Quizzes

As well as developing a bank of multiple-choice quizzes in Microsoft and Google Forms format, we are also developing a collection of self-marking, short answer quizzes too. Over the coming weeks, there will be a large number of these quizzes added to the Plus area of Internet Geography. To illustrate what these quizzes will look like, and hopefully save you some time, we’re sharing one of these quizzes in Google and Microsoft Form format. Just click the links below to copy the quizzes (please ensure you are logged into your Google/Microsoft account before clicking the links).

Log in to access all the Microsoft/Google Forms or take out a low-cost annual subscription starting from just £20 per year.

Free Forms

Microsoft Forms: Coastal Processes – erosion, transportation and deposition

Google Forms: Coastal Processes – erosion, transportation and deposition

A Perfect Planet Classroom Resources

A Perfect Planet is a new TV series in which David Attenborough explore the forces that make life possible on planet Earth.

Episode 1 – Volcanoes

BBC iPlayer link

Classroom resources: 

Video questions

Episode 2 – The Sun

BBC iPlayer link

Classroom resources:

Video questions

New GCSE geography retrieval revision

We are developing a new, open access revision area on Internet Geography, to support students with  retrieval practice. The resources will consist of a bank of online gap-fill activities that students can use to revisit prior learning.

The activities will be freely available with no requirement to register, pay to access or log in.

Each gap-fill will come in two forms, an open gap fill where students need to recall keywords and factual information along with a drag and drop version. The two versions are illustrated below.


We’re seeking support from the geography teacher community to develop these revision activities by contributing a paragraph or two of text to summarise key elements of each GCSE geography unit across all exam boards.

When contributing just head over to the submission form and add your paragraph. When contributing your paragraph missing words should be enclosed within an asterisk. e.g. *Constructive* waves build beaches. These waves are more common in *summer* than in winter. Constructive waves predominate in calmer weather conditions when less energy is being transferred to the water. Each wave is low. As the wave *breaks* it carries material up the beach in its *swash*. The beach material will then be deposited as the backwash soaks into the sand or slowly drains away. When the next wave breaks its swash will deposit more material without it being ‘captured’ by the backwash of the preceding wave.

Alternative answers should be separated using a forward slash e.g. *conservative/passive* plate margins….

You can also add a tooltip (pop up hint) to support students with the answer by including a colon e.g. *conservative/passive:Where to plates slide past each other* plate boundaries.

To begin with will focus on one unit at a time for each exam specification. To avoid repetition please identify the paragraph you will complete on this Google Sheet. When you’ve submitted it using this form please indicate it has been completed on the Google Sheet.

If you’ve any questions, please contact by adding a comment below.

Many thanks,


One subject to unite all

Promote geography or just wind up your colleagues with these one subject to unite all graphics. Feel free to use them in your classroom!

You can also treat yourself to a sustainably made, ethical tote bag with these designs. Examples are below.

Light tote bag

One subject to unit all original

One subject to unite all blackOne subject to unite all white


Extinction The Facts

Internet Geography Plus

If you’ve not seen Extinction: The Facts yet, you must grab an hour to watch it. It’s available on iPlayer for a year. The legend that is David Attenborough, along with many experts, explore the issues relating to the decline in global biodiversity. With more synoptic links than you could shake a stick at the programme is divided into a series of sections:

  • An introduction to biodiversity (00.00 – 08.35 mins) 
  • Consequences of losing biodiversity (08.35 – 13.20 mins)
  • How are we destroying the ecosystems we depend on? (13.20 – 41.32 mins)
  • How did it come to this? (41.30 – 44.55)
  • What can we do to slow the decline in biodiversity? (44.55 – 51.42 mins)
  • Nature can bounce back – Poppy and the mountain gorillas (51.42 – 56.69 mins)

We’ve produced a worksheet containing questions that students can complete while watching the programme. It’s fully editable so you can adapt the resource for your students (we went a bit mad with the number of questions!). There is also a set of answers accompanying the resource.

We’ve brought you these free resources through the support of those who have subscribed to Internet Geography Plus. If you’ve not got one please consider taking out a low-cost subscription now or you could buy us a coffee.

If you download this resource and adapt it please send us a copy via

Please don’t share this resource on other sites etc.

Download the question sheet

Download the answers

Download the refined list of questions by Nicola Price

Selwicks Bay Flamborough 360 Tour

Can’t take your students to Flamborough? Take Flamborough to your students!

Check out this virtual 360° tour of Selwicks Bay, Flamborough. The images were captured using a GoPro Max 360° camera.

We’re fund raising to develop more 360° tours like this. Our next project will be a 360° interactive tour of the River Tees. Please take a look at our Just Giving page.

Click the square in the navigation circle to go full screen.

Version 1.1

Version 1.0


Subscribers to Internet Geography Plus help support the development of resources like this.