Coastal Landscapes in the UK Flashcards

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What is a discordant coastline?
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A discordant coastline is where the geology alternates between strata (bands) of soft and hard rock.

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What is a discordant coastline?
What is soft engineering?
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Soft engineering does not involve building artificial structures but takes a more sustainable and natural approach to manage the coast.

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What is soft engineering?
Give three conditions that lead to coastal deposition happening.
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Any three from:

  • Waves enter an area of shallow water/waves enter a sheltered area, eg a cove or bay
  • There is little wind
  • A river or estuary flows into the sea reducing wave energy
  • There is a good supply of material and the amount of material being transported is greater than the wave energy can transport.

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Give three conditions that lead to coastal deposition happening.
What is a headland?
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A headland is a cliff that sticks out into the sea and is surrounded by water on three sides.

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What is a headland?
What is the impact of groynes down drift?
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Beaches beyond the defences (downdrift) are starved of beach material due to it being trapped behind the terminal (last) groyne.

Find out more about hard engineering at the coast.

What is the impact of groynes down drift?




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