Coastal Landscapes in the UK Flashcards

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What are ridges and runnels?
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Ridges are areas of the beach that are raised. The dips are water-filled troughs called runnels.

Ridge and runnels on Harlech beach, North Wales.

Ridge and runnels on Harlech beach, North Wales.

Find out more about landforms of coastal deposition.

What are ridges and runnels?
What is saltation?
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Beach material is bounced along the seafloor.

Find out more about coastal transportation.

What is saltation?
Identify 4 types of mass movement.
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Rock fall, landslide, mudslide and slumping.

Find out more about mass movement.

Identify 4 types of mass movement.
What is a concordant coastline?
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A concordant coastline is where the same rock runs along the length of the coast. Concordant coastlines tend to have fewer bays and headlands.

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What is a concordant coastline?
Give an outline of what abrasion involves.
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Abrasion occurs as breaking waves, concentrated between the high and low watermarks, which contain sand and larger fragments wear away the base of a cliff or headland. It is commonly known as the sandpaper effect. This process is particularly common in high-energy storm conditions.

Find out more about coastal erosion.

Give an outline of what abrasion involves.




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