Plate Margins Flashcards

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Give two possible reasons why tectonic plates move.
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Convection currents & Slab pull (+ ridge push).
Give two possible reasons why tectonic plates move.
Where in the world are the majority of the Earth’s volcanoes and earthquakes found?
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The majority of the Earth’s volcanoes and earthquakes occur around the Pacific Ring of Fire.
Where in the world are the majority of the Earth’s volcanoes and earthquakes found?
Describe the physical processes that happen at constructive plate margin.
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At a constructive plate margin magma rises between two tectonic plates. The plates move away from each other due to ridge push and slab pull. The magma cools to form a new plate. On land rift valleys form such as the East African rift valley. Where two oceanic plates move apart new islands can be formed e.g. Iceland.

Describe the physical processes that happen at constructive plate margin.
What are the characteristics of the mantle?
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The thickest section of the Earth. Approximately 2900km.

It is made up of semi-molten rock called magma.

What are the characteristics of the mantle?
Describe the global distribution of volcanoes and earthquakes
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Earthquakes are found along all types of plate margins. Volcanoes, however, only occur at constructive and destructive plate margins. Volcanoes are also found away from plate margins at volcanic hot spots such as Hawaii in the Pacific Ocean.

Describe the global distribution of volcanoes and earthquakes




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