Plate Margins Flashcards

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Give one reason why the incidence of natural hazards is increasing.
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Reasons include:

  • Climate change
  • Deforestation
  • Urbanisation
  • Population increase
Give one reason why the incidence of natural hazards is increasing.
Where in the world are the majority of the Earth’s volcanoes and earthquakes found?
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The majority of the Earth’s volcanoes and earthquakes occur around the Pacific Ring of Fire.
Where in the world are the majority of the Earth’s volcanoes and earthquakes found?
Describe the physical processes that happen at constructive plate margin.
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At a constructive plate margin magma rises between two tectonic plates. The plates move away from each other due to ridge push and slab pull. The magma cools to form a new plate. On land rift valleys form such as the East African rift valley. Where two oceanic plates move apart new islands can be formed e.g. Iceland.

Describe the physical processes that happen at constructive plate margin.
Describe the physical processes that happen at a destructive plate margin.
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When oceanic and continental plates collide the denser oceanic plate subducts the continental plate and enters the mantle where it melts. Magma can rise through the lithosphere and erupt as lava through volcanoes. As the oceanic plate subducts, it gets stuck due to friction. Pressure builds up until it is released as an earthquake.
Describe the physical processes that happen at a destructive plate margin.
Do volcanoes and earthquakes occur at all plate margins?
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Volcanoes and earthquakes occur at all plate boundaries except at a conservative margin where only earthquakes happen.
Do volcanoes and earthquakes occur at all plate margins?




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