Plate Margins Flashcards

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Describe the physical processes that happen at constructive plate margin.
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At a constructive plate margin magma rises between two tectonic plates. The plates move away from each other due to ridge push and slab pull. The magma cools to form a new plate. On land rift valleys form such as the East African rift valley. Where two oceanic plates move apart new islands can be formed e.g. Iceland.

Describe the physical processes that happen at constructive plate margin.
What is the name of the upper portion of the mantle?
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The asthenosphere

What is the name of the upper portion of the mantle?
Why are volcanoes not found along conservative plate margins?
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This is because a conservative plate margin, sometimes known as a transform fault, is where two plates move past each other without direct collision.

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Why are volcanoes not found along conservative plate margins?
Explain ridge push and slab pull as a cause of plate movement.
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Ridge push magma rises as the plates move apart. The magma cools to form new plate material. As it cools It becomes denser and slides down away from the ridge. This causes other plates to move away from each other.
Slab pull – The denser plate sinks back into the mantle under the influence of gravity. It pulls the rest of the plate along behind it.
Explain ridge push and slab pull as a cause of plate movement.
Give one reason why the incidence of natural hazards is increasing.
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Reasons include:

  • Climate change
  • Deforestation
  • Urbanisation
  • Population increase
Give one reason why the incidence of natural hazards is increasing.




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