Create a mind map to summarise the areas above. We’ve got a guide to creating mind maps if you need support.
The Final Countdown is here to help you prepare for your final AQA GCSE geography exam. Following our weekly exercises will prepare you to take on the examiner.
This week you will revise urban issues and challenges, focusing on urbanisation and how urban growth creates opportunities and challenges for a city in a LIC/NEE.
A growing percentage of the world’s population lives in urban areas:
- The global pattern of urban change.
- Urban trends in different parts of the world, including HICs and LICs.
- Factors affecting the rate of urbanisation – migration (push-pull theory), natural increase.
- The emergence of megacities.
You must also revise how urbanisation has created opportunities and challenges in a city in a LIC or NEE. We have online resources to support you if you have studied Lagos, Mumbai or Rio de Janeiro. For the city you have studied, you need to revise the following:
- the location and importance of the city, regionally, nationally and internationally
- the growth of the city
- causes of growth: natural increase and migration
- how urban growth has created opportunities:
- social: access to services – health and education; access to resources – water supply, energy
- economic: how urban industrial areas can be a stimulus for economic development
- how urban growth has created challenges
- An example of how urban planning is improving the quality of life for the urban poor
Use one of the three strategies below to revise these areas.
Create flashcards to summarise the areas above. We’ve got a guide to creating flashcards if you need support.
Complete the revision quizzes covering coastal landscapes in the UK (you completed revision activities on this area last week!).
Explain how the sea defences shown in Figure 11 help to protect the coastline from erosion. [4 marks]
Explain how different coastal landforms are created by erosion. Use Figure 12 and your own understanding. [6 marks]
Discuss the costs and benefits of hard engineering strategies in protecting coastlines. Use Figure 13 and Figure 14 and your own understanding. [6 marks]