What are the characteristics of a flood plain?

Characteristics of a flood plain include:

  • A large area of flat land either side of a river
  • layers of alluvium cover the flood plain
  • a river bluff along the edge of a flood plain
  • meander scars
  • levees
  • rich, fertile soil
  • reeds and marsh plants

Find out more about landforms in the lower course of the river.